Keeping Kids Healthy – Parents should urge children to not use e-cigarettes

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Keeping Kids Healthy

E-cigarettes are easy to buy — but can hook children on nicotine. Parents may try electronic cigarettes to help them quit smoking. Teens may try them because they think they are safer than regular cigarettes.

One electronic cigarette can have as much nicotine as a whole pack of cigarettes. In addition, the Food and Drug Administration has found cancer-causing chemicals in electronic cigarettes. Continue reading

School-age children need 9 to 12 hours of sleep

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Keeping Kids Healthy

Many parents don’t realize that their child may not be getting enough sleep every night.

Most people feel that eight hours a night is plenty of sleep for a school-age child.

However, children between 5 and 12 years old need about 9 to 12 hours of sleep every night.

Sleep is important for children because it has an effect on their mental and physical well-being, and the hormone that stimulates growth is released while a child sleeps.

Symptoms of sleep deprivation in children include:

• Moodiness and irritability

• Tendency to ‘explode’ or have tantrums

• Over-activity or hyperactive behavior

• Reluctance to get out of bed or overly groggy in the morning

Continue reading

Krockodil finds its way to United States

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Medical Discovery News

As if designer drugs and bath salts were not enough, now drug users have another substance to abuse.

It’s called Krokodil, because it causes skin to turn green, bumpy and scaly at the injection site, like a crocodile’s skin. And what it does inside the body is just as bad.

Use of this drug began in Russia in 2002, and by some estimates, there at least 1 million users.

The chemical in Krokodil, desomorphine, was created in the U.S. in the 1930s as a less-addictive substitute for the painkiller morphine.

However, the new drug also proved to be highly addictive and even more potent.

Krokodil and heroin are both opiates, but Krokodil is much cheaper, about one-tenth of the cost of heroin, and less than one can of beer in Russia.

It is becoming the drug of choice among heroin addicts, but withdrawal from Krokodil addiction is far worse and takes much longer. Continue reading

Improve eating habits, increase physical activity as a family

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Keeping Kids Healthy

In the last two to three decades, the number of overweight children has doubled. Almost one child in five is considered overweight.

Obesity can lead to risk factors for heart disease, such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure, sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, liver disease, asthma, as well as low self-esteem and depression.

The likely cause of the increase in the amount of overweight children is more than likely the same reason that adult obesity is on the rise — overeating and lack of physical activity.

Because of these findings, new guidelines have been developed by the Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents appointed by the National Health, Lung and Blood Institute and endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

The recommendations is regardless of family history: All children between the age of 9 and 11 years undergo lipid screening for nonfasting non-HDH-cholesterol levels or a fasting lipid panel. Continue reading

‘Secret’ to living out dreams

Dr. Victor Sierpina

Dr. Victor Sierpina

Thoreau once said, “All change is a miracle to contemplate, but it is a miracle which is taking place every instant.

What kind of changes are you going through? More importantly, what kind of changes would you like to see in your life in order to achieve your best and highest expectations of yourself?

A “secret” formula to this last question is found in Rhonda Byrne’s short but very wise and practical book, “The Secret.” It is overflowing with useful, succinct quotes and stories from philosophers, holy men and women, thinkers, metaphysicians, mystics, poets, psychologists.

“The Secret” is one tool I have found to help myself and others to get unstuck in their lives, to live their dreams, to invite and accept what they have always wanted. It gives a philosophical and self-help psychological approach to renewal and growth in our lives.

It is easy enough in life to get into a rut of routines and habits, including habits of thought and expectations that no longer serve us.

Change is difficult and we often resist it because of that and because change brings the unfamiliar and is frequently uncomfortable.

But think about it. If we are not satisfied that our life is what it could be or should be, what option do we have other than change? Continue reading

How much sugar is safe?

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Medical Discovery News

Former Mayor Michael Bloomberg of New York City caused a controversy when he tried to ban the sale of sugary drinks more than 16 ounces.

Thus the “Big Gulp” rebellion was born, and the ban was later overturned by the courts. Yet the rates of diabetes, heart disease and obesity remain out of control in the United States.

More than 24 million Americans older than 20 years old have diabetes. Another 78 million have pre-diabetes with blood glucose levels higher than they should be — the start of glucose intolerance.

And down the road, this may lead to life-threatening heart disease — the No. 1 killer of adults — which also is linked to obesity affecting more than 80 million Americans.

Much of the obesity epidemic has been blamed on unhealthy eating and poor nutrition. Refined sugar has been identified as a source of excess calories.

According to the U.S. departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services, almost 50 percent of sugar in the diets of Americans comes from sugary drinks and sweetened fruit drinks. Continue reading

Picky eaters

Dr. Lauren Raimer-Goodman

Dr. Lauren Raimer-Goodman

“Help!  My child will only eat chicken nuggets and pasta.”  Sound familiar?  For families with young children mealtimes can be a struggle.  Here are a few tips to help with your picky eaters

  1. Give your child (limited) choices.  For example, “Do you want apple or pear slices for snack?  Should we make carrots or broccoli to go with dinner?”  Food struggles often are a normal part of a child’s development of independence.  One of the first things we have control over is what goes in our mouths.  Try to give your child some control and this may help reduce mealtime anxiety.  Try having your child help you pick out healthy foods at the grocery store as well.
  2. Offer new foods with an old favorite.  Encourage your child to try new things but do not be disappointed and do not punish when he or she spits them out.  It often takes numerous exposures to foods with particular colors, tastes or textures before a child will be accepting of them.  Remember also – some things we just won’t like no matter how much we try them.  I have always hated brussel sprouts, and that will probably never change.  It is often difficult to tell at first is a child has a strong dislike for something or is merely averse to trying the new food.  If your child makes a face at one of your favorite dishes don’t insist he or she eat it all as this may lead to gagging or lead to a battle of wills.  However don’t nix it yet from the recipe book as repeated exposure may lead to acceptance. Continue reading

Take control of children’s diet if BMI is high

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Having just completed the holiday season with all the wide variety of delicious foods and having made our resolutions, many of us are thinking about diets.

As we all know, obesity is now a very common problem for Americans and for American children.

The Endocrine Society issued some guidelines about obesity in the Sept. 9, 2008, online issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Body Mass Index is a reliable indicator of body fatness for most children and teens. It is calculated using accurate measures of your child’s height and weight.

For you to calculate your child’s BMI, visit www.pediatrics.about.com and they will have a calculator for you.

The guidelines are as follows: Continue reading

Science advances in hair growth hopeful

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Medical Discovery News

“I’ll buy you Rogaine, when you start losing all your hair, sew on patches for all your tears” sang Ingrid Michaelson in “The Way I Am,” as losing hair is an inevitable sign of growing old.

But a significant advance may lead to a treatment for hair loss that is much better than the creams, drugs and hair transplants available today.

The clinical term for hair loss is alopecia, which has many causes, including damage to the hair follicles, fungal infections, stress, genetics, illnesses, malnutrition, some medications and autoimmune disorders.

While it is not exclusive to males, 60 percent of hair loss sufferers are men. Men often experience male pattern baldness, a thinning or complete loss of hair at the hairline and at the top of the head. Women experience diffuse hair loss with a gradual loss of hair on the top of the head but little change in the hairline.

Current drugs minoxidil and finasteride stimulate the regrowth of hair. The effects of both drugs last only as long as the medicines are used. Hair transplants involve surgically moving hairs from an area of thick growth to the bald areas of the scalp. While most people attain 60 percent of new hair growth, the cost ranges from $4,000 to $15,000.

A new treatment approach involves removing a smaller patch of scalp with abundant hair. The cells from the area are grown in culture in the lab to increase their numbers.

The cells are then injected back into the scalp’s bald areas. The study focused on a group of cells called dermal papillae from which hair follicles arise.

These cells can reprogram surrounding cells to form hair follicles. Until this study, culturing dermal papillae cells caused them to lose the ability to form hair follicles.

Scientists in this study resorted to an old technique of culturing cells in which a drop containing about 3,000 cells is suspended from the lid of a petri plate.

The lid is then flipped over onto the base of the plate, leaving the cells hanging from the lid. As the cells drift down to the bottom of the drop, the contact they have with one another appears to be critical in allowing the cells to retain their ability to grow hair follicles when transplanted.

They proved this by injecting the cultured dermal papillae cells into human foreskins grafted onto mice. Since human foreskins do not grow hair, they reasoned that if hair grew on that skin, it is likely to work in the scalp. Sure enough, hairs sprouted from five of the seven areas into which the dermal papillae cells were injected.

But much work remains. The hairs that have been grown at present are rather small. The scientists also determined that these transplanted cells only expressed some of the genes normally active in hair follicles. They are trying to find conditions that will activate all the genes necessary to grow more and better hair.

Professors Norbert Herzog and David Niesel are biomedical scientists at the University of Texas Medical Branch. Learn more at medicaldiscoverynews.com.

Slow down in fast-paced electronic world

Dr. Victor Sierpina

Dr. Victor Sierpina

The ancient Chinese sage Lao Tsu espoused a philosophy of quietude, noninterference, being centered in the moment and understanding how things work.

As opposed to our contemporary go-go society, he observed that inactivity often could accomplish what busyness cannot, for example, how a muddy pool is best cleared by just letting it settle.

I got to thinking about the health-promoting attitudes of Lao Tsu after a couple of conversations at a friend’s 70th birthday party.

One gentleman, a marine biologist, shared his hobbies. One was growing bonsai trees and another breeding a unique line of blue colored gold fish favored by his wife.

Each of these required immense patience, gentle guidance and noninterference. In 2008, Hurricane Ike wiped out his 30- or 40-year-old bonsai trees along with his breeding tanks of carefully developed blue gold fish.

Still, he appeared remarkably serene and philosophical, a man content and at peace.

Another friend at the party was the CEO of a successful nonprofit. She shared how she often felt overwhelmed by an unending tide of more than 400 emails daily. Continue reading