Help children learn how to deal with stress

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Keeping Kids Healthy

Stress is the uncomfortable feeling you get when you are worried, scared, angry, frustrated or overwhelmed.

Many adults think that stress is something that only adults have, but children also have stress.

Stress in childhood comes from many different sources. It may be from parents pushing their children to work harder on their schoolwork, sports activities or other extra curricular activities.

It may be from their friends exerting peer pressure to make them do things that they are uncomfortable doing. It may be from themselves with such pressures as “I need to lose weight, get better grades or make a better score.”

It also may be from watching parents argue, worrying about the neighborhood or world problems or feeling guilty.

The body reacts to stress by releasing a chemical (hormone) that sends a signal to the nervous system to turn on its emergency system.

This is a very important system that helps get us out of danger so that we can run faster, jump farther and climb trees faster. The same hormone is released with the “dangers” of exams, peer pressure, family problems or world calamities. Continue reading

Fight back against stress

Dr. Tristi Muir

Dr. Tristi Muir

Our Bodies, Our Lives

Just as I started writing this column on stress relief, I had an unexpected stressful event.

My mother had a subdural hematoma and emergency neurosurgery in California — with no other family around her.

I felt my adrenal glands squeeze and the stress hormones bathe my body as I sat by her intensive care bed.

What I realized at that moment was the thought of starting stress relieving measures at such a stressful time was overwhelming. The only way for stress relief to be there when we need it is if stress-relieving measures are part of our daily routine.

In a world where stress is a constant companion, what can we do to fight back?

  • Stop multi-tasking. Multi-tasking is a myth. That’s a difficult pill for women to swallow, because we are the queens of multi-tasking.

It seems that life demands that of us; however, we can truly only focus on one thing at a time. Continue reading

Turmeric is a dietary delight and health superfood

Dr. Victor Sierpina

Dr. Victor Sierpina

The warm, sunny, orange hue of turmeric is a common feature of Indian food, though it is underused as a culinary spice in the U.S.

According to a recent article in The Wall Street Journal titled “Snow Day Superfood,” more chefs are discovering that the tangy “sour-bittery-lemony” flavor, fabulous color and health benefits makes it a rich addition to a large variety of foods.

It can add surprising notes to Italian food, beets, quinoa, veal, cauliflower, halibut and of, course rice, lentils, noodles, soups, stews and many more.

It may take a little experimentation to add it to your repertoire of herbs.

My usual favorite herbs include oregano, dill, rosemary, garlic, basil, thyme, red pepper and, of course, garlic, but not usually turmeric, except when an occasional recipe calls for it.

In my current annual quest to expand my cooking skills with new recipes every two weeks or so, I am looking to create more dishes with turmeric. Why? Continue reading

Silent Mad Cow

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Medical Discovery News

Ten years after bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly called mad cow disease, was diagnosed in cattle in Britain, the British government admitted that it could be transferred to humans in a new form called variant Creutzfeldt Jakob disease (vCJD).

Cases of BSE spread to cattle in other countries, and more people in different countries were being diagnosed with vCJD. By 2004, the U.S. had passed various laws to eliminate BSE-infected cattle from the market. However, to this day, there are still sporadic reports of cows diagnosed with BSE both in the U.S. and abroad.

BSE and vCJD are neurological diseases that arise from prion plaques that form in the brain. Prions are simply misfolded proteins. This can be caused by a genetic mutation, spontaneous misfolding, or consuming infected beef. These misfolded proteins can convert healthy or normal proteins into misfolded ones. Once they appear, abnormal prion proteins aggregate, or clump together. Investigators think these protein aggregates may lead to loss of brain cells and other brain damage. Areas of the brain’s grey matter are slowly displaced and the brain develops holes or a spongy appearance, hence the name spongiform. There is no treatment or cure and eventually the damage is severe enough to lead to death. Continue reading

Do everything possible to avoid shaken baby syndrome

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Keeping Kids Healthy

Recently, more than 2,000 infants and children were hospitalized as the result of being shaken by their caregivers.

Physicians suspect that the numbers are even higher since the syndrome often goes unreported.

Shaken baby syndrome refers to the violent and unnecessary repetitive shaking of an infant or young child.

A combination of a heavy head, weak neck muscles and a soft and rapidly growing brain can lead to severe bruising of the shaken child’s brain. Blindness, mental retardation or death can occur as a result.

Shaken baby syndrome can also occur when a child is bounced up and down on a person’s knee or tossed in the air. Playing games like “cracking the whip,” where a child is swung around by the ankles, or “skinning the cat,” where a child is flipped and somersaulted forward by the wrists, also have been known to cause shaken baby syndrome. Continue reading

In love with lentils

Dr. Victor Sierpina

Dr. Victor Sierpina

On our recent spiritual cruise aboard the Norwegian Jewel, I discovered an amazingly tasty and healthy food, dal.

Dal, a basic stew made with lentils, is common in the diet of India and other Asian countries. It was so rich and delectable that I ate it every day at least once. The cruise ship chefs prepared a tasty new version daily for the Asian food buffet island.

Dal is usually vegetarian. All the dals were aromatic preparations of lentils with spices like turmeric, cumin, mustard seeds and various vegetables.

While dal was a new and healthy taste thrill for me, it is a popular and widely eaten food, though not necessarily in the United States and certainly not something you’d find in your local Texas barbecue or steakhouse.

In fact, when I mentioned to some of my Asian and Indian physician colleagues about my latest culinary discovery, they looked at me with looks about as astonished as a goat looking at a new gate. Continue reading

Knocking Out Hepatitis C

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Drs. Norbert Herzog & David Niesel

Medical Discovery News

Good news awaits hepatitis C patients. In the next few years, new drugs that specifically target the Hepatitis C virus, curing a person more quickly without the severe side effects, will become available. Some physicians and patients are even opting to wait for these new drugs rather than endure the current therapy.

Today, this viral infection is most often acquired by drug users sharing needles. The hepatitis C virus can cause a mild illness lasting a few weeks but in some people it can cause a serious lifelong illness. One major problem is that many people are unaware that they are infected until they have symptoms of liver damage. It is the leading cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation in the United States.

An estimated three to four million Americans are infected, and deaths from hepatitis C are expected to rise in the future as those unaware of their infections begin to have symptoms. There is no vaccine and the current drug regimens can cure about 70 percent of infected people but the serious side effects include anemia, insomnia, depression, fever and severe rashes. Continue reading

Research: Probiotics might prevent or treat disorders in children

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Drs. Sally Robinson & Keith Bly

Keeping Kids Healthy

Probiotics — meaning for life — are microorganisms that may help with digestion and offer protection from harmful bacteria just as the existing good bacteria in your body already does.

The most common types of probiotics are strains of tiny organisms called bifidobacterium and lactobacillus.

Some formulas are fortified with probiotics, which are live bacteria. They are good or friendly bacteria that are already present at high levels in the digestive system of breast-fed babies.

Prebiotics are nondigestible carbohydrates that act as food for the probiotics. Prebiotics are found in whole grains, bananas, onions, garlic, honey and artichokes.

When probiotics and prebiotics are combined, they are called synbiotics. Yogurt is an example of a synbiotics, which contains the live bacteria and the fuel they need to survive.

Some research has shown that the probiotics mentioned above may prevent or treat disorders such as infectious diarrhea and atopic dermatitis (eczema) in children. Continue reading

Timeless advice on living good, healthy life

Dr. Victor Sierpina

Dr. Victor Sierpina

I suspect there is a scientific institute somewhere called “The Institute for Everything that Was Supposed to be Good for You but is Now Bad for You.”

The flux and change in science as well as uncertainty in such fields as nutritional research makes it maddeningly difficult to know what are the best choices for a good and healthy life.

In a recent New York Times opinion piece, “Why Nutrition is So Confusing,” health and science journalist Gary Taubes describes the enormous costs and challenges to creating credible long-term studies on various approaches to nutrition.

There are so many confounding variables, and the long-term effects so hard to track and measure, that we often get conflicting advice. Witness recent confusion on vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids.

Pharmacological and medical research is likewise strewed with the carcasses of old theories and practices.

The very day a couple weeks ago that I wrote about testosterone and obesity in men, a report came out documenting a significant increase in heart attack rate in men on replacement testosterone above a certain age.

Coronary bypass surgery and tube feeding, long thought to be lifesavers, have been found not to prolong life in controlled studies. Continue reading

Stress affects every aspect of health

Dr. Tristi Muir

Dr. Tristi Muir

Our Bodies, Our Lives

A fire races toward your house. This is definitely a stressful situation, but how you handle it may be programmed in your sex genes.

Fight or flight is typically a male response to this type of situation — sticking around to fight the fire or running as fast as you can away from it.

Women have a tend and befriend response to sudden stress. Estrogen blunts the fight or flight response, and we engage in nurturing activities to protect ourselves and our children.

These responses allow us to don a superman or superwoman cape and rise to the occasion. But what happens to our physical and emotional health when the stress is here day in and day out?

Most of us allow stress to sit on our shoulders like unwanted cellulite. You don’t want it, but it tenaciously hangs on.

Stress stimulates the release of various chemicals in our body. The primary stimulating response is the release of catecholamines and corticosteroids, or cortisol, from our adrenal glands. This rush can provide that superwoman response to acute stress. Continue reading